The ivory gull is a rare species in a global context and is one of the most poorly known seabird species in the world. It was in 2006 classified as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of threatened species. It is also red-listed in Russia, Norway, and Canada. Identified environmental threats are pollution and climate change. Due to its strong dependence on ice-associated food items, the ivory gull may be vulnerable to changes in sea ice distribution and structure. As a scavenger and top predator, it is at risk for exposure to biomagnifying contaminants. The Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird) under CAFF (Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna) and the Arctic Council have recently developed a Conservation Strategy and Action plan for the ivory gull.